Christian Chefs International
Potato Varieties

Variety

Picture

Description

Peak Season/Fresh

Uses

Chef's potato Firm, smooth, relatively round with white to light tan skin, shallow eyes.  Available in range of sizes (chef can specify) Year-round (fresh in late summer into fall) The younger the potato, the waxier it is.  Used for salads, purees, soups, and other dishes.  Tends to be too moist for baking
Red potato   Firm, smooth, relatively round with light-pink to dark-red skin, shallow eyes.  Available in range of sizes (chef can specify) Year-round (fresh in late summer into fall) The younger the potato, the waxier it is. Used for salads, purees, soups, and other dishes. Excellent for oven roasting
Russet/Idaho Oblong, with brown, russeted skin Year-round (fresh in late summer into fall) Best for baking and for frying
Purple/caribe   Deep-purple skin with purple flesh Midsummer Salads, home-fries, other preparations to showcase color and flavor
Yukon gold/Yellow Finn   Brown, tan, or red skin with buttery golden flesh Year-round (fresh in late summer into fall) Baked, pureed, casseroles, salads
Irish   Relatively round, but generally "misshapen," deep eyes Late Summer Boiling
Salt   Small, no more than 1" (2.5cm) in diameter Year-round (fresh in late summer into fall) Boiling, steaming
"New" potatoes Same as chef's, but no more than 1.5" (3.8cm) in diameter Early summer Steaming, oven-roasting with herbs
Bliss potatoes Same as red, but no more than 1.5" (3.8cm) in diameter Early summer Steaming, oven-roasting with herbs
Sweet potatoes Light to deep-orange skin with deep orange, moist flesh, may be rounded or tapered, dense texture, quite sweet Year-round (fresh in late summer into fall) Roasted, boiled, pureed, used in casseroles, soups
Yam Tan to light-brown russeted skin with pale to deep yellow flesh, drier and less sweet than sweet potato Year-round (fresh in late summer into fall) Roasted, boiled, pureed, used in casseroles, soups

The New Professional Chef, 6th edition * 1996,
by The Culinary Institute of America,
published by John Wiley & Sons

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